Asthma Prevention and Management Program
Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by acute episodes of coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. Symptoms are caused by airway swelling, blocked airways, and increased responsiveness of the airways to "triggers." Asthma triggers vary among individuals. The most common triggers include:
- allergens such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites, molds;
- irritants such as cold air, strong odors, weather changes;
- tobacco smoke, cock roaches;
- upper respiratory infections such as a cold or flu; and
- physical exercise, especially in cold weather.
- Asthmatics in LA face a higher risk of death from asthma than fellow asthmatics nationwide.
- Louisiana falls within the top 25% of states for asthma related deaths.
- An estimated 200,000 adults in Louisiana currently suffer from asthma.
- One in ten Louisiana households with children have at least one child with asthma.
Females have higher rates of asthma than males in Louisiana.
- African Americans in Louisiana are more likely to report having asthma than Caucasians.
- Asthma severity places a burden on the healthcare system and also results in a loss of productivity due to the inability to work during episodes of acute exacerbations.